Scyld scefing and the dating

Tolkien saw the story of the English settlement of the British Isles as beginning with Danish military expansion in Baltic waters.

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Oft Scyld the Scefing from squadroned foes, from many a tribe, the mead-bench tore, awing the earls.

In his authoritative study of (1907), Chadwick had identified two key features of ancient English traditions.

Firstly, he argued, the goddess Nerthus was said to take a mortal husband.

Since erst he lay friendless, a foundling, fate repaid him: for he waxed under welkin, in wealth he throve, till before him the folk, both far and near, who house by the whale-path, heard his mandate, gave him gifts: a good king he!

To him an heir was afterward born, a son in his halls, whom heaven sent to favor the folk, feeling their woe that erst they had lacked an earl for leader so long a while; the Lord endowed him, the Wielder of Wonder, with world's renown.

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